Fourth Grade Science Review - Earth Sciences

Earth Sciences: Rocks and Minerals

Main concept: The properties of rocks and minerals reflect the processes that formed them.

A. How do you differentiate among igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks? What are the properties and methods of formation of the three types of rock?

B. How do you identify common rock-forming minerals, including quartz, calcite, feldspar, mica, and hornblende? How do you identify ore minerals? What properties do these minerals have that we use to identify them?

Earth Sciences: Waves , Wind, Water, and Ice

Main concept: Waves, wind, water, and ice shape and reshape Earth’s land surface.

A. What is erosion? Is it a slow or rapid process that causes changes in the earth?

What are landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes? Are they slow or rapid processes that cause changes in the earth?

What kind of changes do these four processes cause?

B. What natural processes cause rocks to break down into smaller pieces? Can water break rocks down into smaller pieces? Can the growth of roots cause rocks to break down into smaller pieces?

C. How does moving water erode and reshape landforms?

How does moving water transport and deposit pebbles, sand, silt, and mud?

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